Note the two holes of different sizes in the left hand example. Are these different sized holes for different sized spears, or are they different sizes for purposes of a bridle? At the turn of the century an excavator of a prehistoric site La Quina, in the Charente district of southwest France noticed unusual traces of wear on the front incisor teeth of horses dug up from the Mousterian layers. These marks resembled those on modern teeth that result from the “tic” or nervous chewing habit of horses shut up in captivity, where boredom drives them to nibble incessantly at hard objects. This study concluded that the nervous “tic” and its associated pattern of tooth wear is never present on animals free to wander at will. Could it be, then, that some Mousterian communities kept corrals of horses at certain times of the year, facilitating a control over animals normally undreamed of for this remote period or for many thousands of years afterward? It may be significant that the excavator of La Quina also found no less than seventy-six of the mysterious stone spheres in the Mousterian layers that, if they formed parts of bolas as suggested earlier , could have been used to bring down and capture animals alive. In any case, the problem of the peculiar tooth wear brought to light sixty years ago deserves to be reexamined with modern techniques.
Gunmen kill multiple people at church near Cairo
The Egyptian pottery The forms of ancient Egyptian pottery were numerous. Vases were made principally for practical use and not for ornament although the decoration in some of them is remarkable. The amphora, in Egypt as in all ancient countries was the most common and most useful vase, was made in all sizes, from the three-inch oil or perfume container to the immense jar of three or four feet in height, for holding water, wine, oil, or grain.
Pottery provides a secure support for dating of all archaeological finds.
THE SCHOOL OF ALEXANDRIA AND THE GNOSTICS. In the apostolic age, before the appearance of the Gnostic movement as a school (or schools), or as separate sects, the apostles dealt with false teachings similar to the Gnostic systems, as in 1 John and the pastoral epistles.. The study of Gnosticism entered a new phase, however, with the discovery of a large collection of Coptic Gnostic documents.
Traces of early man were found in Egypt dating back as early as , years ago. Egypt and ancient Canaan to the north probably served as the bridges by which successive waves of humans: Ancient Egyptians used a phonetic-pictograph writing called hieroglyphics by the Ancient Greeks. This system evolved from portrayal of pictures of objects to using stylized representation of objects to represent sound combinations and compose words, to a phonetic alphabet much like our own.
Ancient Egypt boasted considerable achievements in art, medicine, astronomy and literature, and was the hub of civilization in much of the Near East and North Africa. The unique history of ancient Egypt and visible monuments to that history helped Egyptians to preserve a distinct national consciousness, and to remain a separate entity during the years of Arab, Mameluke and Ottoman conquest. Mummy Until the conversion to Christianity, Egyptian polytheistic religion centered around the after life.
Pharaohs and rich Egyptians built elaborate tombs in caves or in Pyramids, decorated with elaborate art on the interior and containing jewelry and objects that would be needed in the after-life, and in some cases servants and slaves who were interred with their master. The walls of pyramids were decorated with elaborate stylized frescos such as the one at right, in which noble persons were shown as larger than slaves, and subjects were drawn in profile.
In other periods, all subjects were shown in frontal view only. The king or noble person had his or her body embalmed, wrapped in linen, and enclosed in an elaborate carved coffin as a mummy.
Coptic Versions of the Bible
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The Ancient Egyptian scribe, or sesh, was a person educated in the arts of writing (using both hieroglyphics and hieratic scripts, and from the second half of the first millennium BCE the demotic script, used as shorthand and for commerce) and dena (arithmetics).
The study of Gnosticism entered a new phase, however, with the discovery of a large collection of Coptic Gnostic documents found at Nag-Hammadi Chenoboskion in Upper-Egypt in Before this discovery all our information on the Gnostic sects and doctrines relied on anti-Gnostic writings, such as those of SS. Clement of Alexandria, Irenaeus, Hippolytus, and Epiphanius.
This discovery has made available a wealth of original documents that are being studied now for the first time. Hedrick states, “In general, the term gnosticism is applied to a series of widespread and rather diverse religio-philosophical movements in late antiquity and nevertheless are understood to have some similarities. Although a precise definition of gnosticism and a clear dating for its emergence in the Hellenistic world are still matters of scholarly debate, working definitions have generally included certain elements.
It is understood to have an anti-cosmic or world-rejecting stance The ignorant or slumbering spiritual elements reside in the material, in humankind, like dying embers in a cold fire-pit. The term gnosticism is reserved for the developed gnostic systems of the second century A. D, while gnosis is used when referring to similar phenomena prior to the second century.
Persecution of Copts
Maspero Massacre 18 May — The Coptic Church obtained a permission in January to turn a garment factory bought by the church in , into a church in the neighbourhood of Ain Shams of Cairo. However, angry Muslim mobs attacked the church and scores of Copts and Muslims were arrested for the disturbance. On Sunday May 29, an Egyptian Military Court sentenced two Coptic Christians to five years in jail each for violence and for trying to turn a factory into an unlicensed church. Maspero demonstrations Thousands of Coptic Christians took to the streets in Cairo to protest the burning of a church in Marinab and were headed towards Maspiro , where they were met with armoured personnel carrier , APCs, and hundreds of riot police and special forces.
Army vehicles charged at the protesters and reports of at least 6 protesters being crushed under APCs, including one with a crushed skull, has emerged.
DESERT FATHERS OF EGYPT AND CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY. The early phase of Coptic monasticism is more complex than generally thought. One of the most evocative periods in the history of Christianity, the various texts associated with Antony, Pakhom, .
Traumatised Syrian children head back to Traumatised Syrian children head back to school There were 20, schools before the war began, now there are only 11, with kids attending emergency education after years without it. More videos Gunmen attack church near Cairo Gunmen have killed at least nine people including three police in an attack on a Coptic Christian church south of Cairo. Police have stepped up security measures around churches ahead of Coptic Christmas celebrations on January 7, deploying officers outside Christian places of worship and setting up metal detectors at some of the bigger churches.
Islamist militants have claimed several attacks on Egypt’s large Christian minority in recent years, including two bombings on Palm Sunday in April and a blast at Cairo’s largest Coptic cathedral in December that killed 28 people. AP Earlier reports by security sources and state media said at least two attackers were involved in the attack, and that one was shot dead and another fled the scene.
The interior ministry did not explain the reason for the different accounts. Advertisement The Coptic Church said the gunman first shot at a Christian-owned shop 4 km away, killing two people, before proceeding to the Mar Mina church in the southern Cairo suburb of Helwan. The Interior Ministry said he opened fire at the entrance to the site and tried to throw an explosive device. You will now receive updates from Breaking News Alert Breaking News Alert Get the latest news and updates emailed straight to your inbox.
Content are Shu and Tefnut. Content are Geb and Nut. Content are Osiris and [Isis]. Content are Seth and Neith.
I am so amazed and really touched with your story. Because I have the same as you had. The only difference are, I’m just married for 2 years with my Egyptian husband and we .
Pre th century[ edit ] The Italian explorer Pietro della Valle , on a visit to Saqqara – Memphis in , was the first European to discover and describe mummy portraits. He transported some mummies with portraits to Europe, which are now in the Albertinum Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden. The provenance of these first new finds is unclear; they may come from Saqqara as well, or perhaps from Thebes. In , the Baron of Minotuli acquired several mummy portraits for a German collector, but they became part of a whole shipload of Egyptian artifacts lost in the North Sea.
It is so similar to de Laborde’s specimens that it is thought to be from the same source. Some of them were long considered portraits of the family of the Theban Archon Pollios Soter, a historical character known from written sources, but this has turned out to be incorrect. In , Daniel Marie Fouquet heard of the discovery of numerous portrait mummies in a cave. He set off to inspect them some days later, but arrived too late, as the finders had used the painted plaques for firewood during the three previous cold desert nights.
Fouquet acquired the remaining two of what had originally been fifty portraits. While the exact location of this find is unclear, the likely source is from er-Rubayat. He engaged the famous Leipzig -based Egyptologist Georg Ebers to publish his finds. He produced presentation folders to advertise his individual finds throughout Europe.
Forgeries, Hoaxes and Curiosities
The Border issue has been exploited and the result is the disassociation of Ancient Egypt to Nubia and to the South in culture and Race. The cure of this disassociation is in the Cosmology of the peoples of Nile Valley Civilization. A proper study of Nubia and the Secret of the Ankh is the Paradigm that allows us to grasp and unify Egypt.
As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from
At first there was nothing forbidden about it at all — we met, we did the right thing and approached her father for permission, he gave us the green light, preparations for the engagement ceremony were made — everything was perfect. Take a look at my other site: I take my hat off to you blokes for doing that. It was either this or we stop seeing each other altogether. I had to make a serious choice then and there, without even knowing this girl properly, about whether or not I wanted to spend the rest of my life with her.
I was pretty scared at this point. I was fortunate that I had these people to back me up. There were lots of questions about religion and family too. From then on I was treated like part of the family. Guys need a serious set of balls if they want to pursue a girl in the Middle East and a good story to back themselves up when being interviewed by the father. Blokes are expected to have a stable career and an apartment before marriage Egyptian men marry late.
Even then he was hesitant and had to phone an Egyptian friend of mine in Australia the woman who taught me Arabic who I also call my second mother to verify that I was telling the truth.